An UN-led program is assisting attempts to rehabilitate former combatants and give them a chance to lead productive, peaceful lives in their communities as Mozambique looks to move on from its violent past.
Peace is what Benjamin (not his real name) seeks. Former RENAMO (Mozambican National Resistance) warrior, he longs to return to his place of labour in Sofala province’s Cheringoma District.
He aspires to produce his own vegetables, corn, beans, and cassava as well as maybe rear hens and goats, like other former militants in central Mozambique.
Benjamin joined the thousands of ex-RENAMO militants participating in a “disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration” (DDR) procedure only a few months ago.
DDR is a central component of the Maputo Accord, the peace agreement between the Government of Mozambique and RENAMO, which formally put an end to decades of conflict and insecurity, and brought communities together when it was signed in 2019.
Now, Benjamin is learning new skills alongside members of the community he left more than 20 years ago and reconnecting with his family.
“From the moment that my brothers and I started our reintegration into the community and society, I have a sense of relief and happiness. We are very happy to be back”, says Benjamin. “Since we came to the community, there have been no issues; I have been welcomed as a brother”.
Galício António, chief of the Nhamaze Administrative Outpost in Gorongosa District, confirms Benjamin’s sentiments, and the importance of reconciliation. “They are back, and they are producing again”, he declares. They are educating their children, they are integrating into social life, they are participating in the community”.
The UN’s role in the programme is to support the authorities in strengthening the inclusion of local voices in planning and budgeting exercises, as a solid foundation for promoting lasting peace, national reconciliation and inclusive sustainable development.
Through the programme, local authorities listen to the voices and needs of local communities in defining and selecting essential infrastructure and public services to be provided by the districts themselves to their communities, in order to promote sustainable local development and adaptation to climate change.
Benjamin’s hopes are similar to those of other former combatants and communities affected by conflict in Mozambique: they want to build new, productive lives for themselves, their families, and their communities. By supporting these dreams in a practical way, the UN is helping them to create a better future for Mozambique.
“I am very happy; The community is happy” says Benjamin. “This peace must go on. This is our will”.